BAST AND ISIS, WHAT IS THE CONNECTION?

The relationship between Bast and Isis, the goddess of sun and moon, is a pivotal one that reaches far into the future history of the cat, influencing the symbolism of the black cat and other important aspects, which will be explored later.   However, some of the first evidence of this Bast/Isis connection is on the […]

CAT GODDESS BAST AND THE GODDESS MUT

CAT GODDESS BAST AND THE GODDESS MUT   Bast continued to be associated with other goddesses that were protectors of motherhood and children, such as the ancient Egyptian mother or creator goddess Mut. “In the temple of Koptos the goddess Mut of Thebes was called …. Bast…..”(Erman, 1907, p.59)  Mut’s sacred animal was the cat, […]

CAT GODDESS BAST COULD HAVE ORIGNATED FROM THE NUBIAN GOD BES

Assimilation and Evolution of the Cat Goddess: PART II Prior to Bast’s association with Hathor, the cat goddess might have originated from the god Bes, whose name in Nubian means cat.  Bes, a short dwarf-like figure with a cat face, sometimes wearing a cat skin with a tail hanging down to his feet, came from […]

SEKHMET, THE LION GODDESS, BAST’S EVIL SISTER

Sekhmet the lion goddess, who had her own cult, was Bast’s evil sister or alter ego.  She is often portrayed as a woman with the head of a lion above which a solar disk with a uraeus sits.  Sometimes she holds a scepter and sometimes a knife.  Likewise, Bast often has the head of a […]

THE ASSIMILATION AND EVOLUTION OF THE CAT GODDESS BAST

The assimilation and evolution of the cat goddess Bast took place gradually over the entire span of the ancient Egyptian kingdom.  The gods and goddesses were continually changing, sharing and combining attributes.   Because of the complexity of the Egyptian pantheon, various theories of the origin of the goddess Bast have emerged.  However, archeologists believe that in […]

THE BEGINNINGS OF THE CAT CULT–THE GODDESS BASTET IS BORN

It took hundreds of years from the first evidence of the cat’s domestication to its being worshipped as a goddess during the Middle Kingdom reign of Mentuhotep III.  For the cat, being a pet and being worshipped were not mutually exclusive.  The ancient Egyptians had cats as household pets, and at the same time kept […]

WHO OR WHAT IS PSEUDAELURUS?

      The next notable cat fossil record of Pseudaelurus appeared during the Miocene period, around 20 million years ago.  At about the same time that the cat appeared on the evolutionary timeline in South East Asia, Pseudaelurus, regarded as the ancestor of all modern cats, crossed over the Bering land bridge, which connected […]

PROAILURUS OR THE LEMAN’S DAWN CAT?

  Fossil remains found in France of the Proailurus or Leman’s Dawn Cat,  which evolved from the Miacids, prove that it first appeared about 30 million years ago, and is the common ancestor of the cat family Felidae. Descended from the Miacids, the Proailurus or Leman’s Dawn Cat appeared about 30 million years ago. Fossils […]

WHO WERE THE ANCESTORS OF THE FIRST CATS?

ANCESTORS OF THE FIRST CATS During the Early Pliocene to the Eocene period between 65-33 million years ago the ancestors of the first cats appeared as descendents of the Miacid species, small marten- like carnivores that mainly inhabited forests. Photo courtesy of:  Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris (no copyright)Wikipedia commons   Want to know more about […]

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