THEBAN TOMBS HOME TO FANTASTIC REPRESENTATIONS OF CATS

Surprisingly, there were no sanctuaries or temples built to Bast at Thebes.  Instead, Thebes was built in honor of Amon, Mut and Khonsu.  Amon, the Father of all, Mut the Mother of all and Khonsu their son, were a trinity so to speak.  This is the reason that fewer cat mummies have been found at […]

“BOUHAKI” FIRST CAT NAME TO APPEAR IN HISTORY AT THEBES

Thebes was known in the ancient Egyptian language as Waset, and also as “No Amon.”  The Bible refers to it as the City of Amun, and to the Greeks, it was Diospolis meaning “Heavenly City.”   The Theban tombs are located in the mountains on the western side of the Nile.  A short boat ride across […]

CAT GODDESS BAST IN SAQQARA PYRAMID TEXTS

Saqqara has not only offered archeologists a treasure trove of tombs and mummies, but also the pyramid texts; texts that are written in limestone which contain thousands of lines of hieroglyphs describing myths and religious rituals.  Gaston Maspero, in 1894, was the first to discover and then translate these texts in which we find a […]

CAT MUMMIES AT SAQQARA

  Most of the cat mummies at Saqqara were young before they died, about 4 months old, and were killed by head trauma, which was sometimes so violent that the skull split in two.  Other cats were killed by strangulation due to evidence of dislocated vertebrae.  The bodies of the Saqqara cat mummies were in […]

THE CAT GODDESS BAST IS WORSHIPPED

The ancient Egyptians worshipped the cat goddess Bast at four main sites.  Bast, the cat goddess, was a very important deity to the ancient Egyptians confirmed by their unfailing devotion to her not only in one part of the kingdom, but also at various locations in both Upper and Lower Egypt.   Saqqara, Thebes, Beni […]

BAST AND ISIS, WHAT IS THE CONNECTION?

The relationship between Bast and Isis, the goddess of sun and moon, is a pivotal one that reaches far into the future history of the cat, influencing the symbolism of the black cat and other important aspects, which will be explored later.   However, some of the first evidence of this Bast/Isis connection is on the […]

CAT GODDESS BAST AND THE GODDESS MUT

CAT GODDESS BAST AND THE GODDESS MUT   Bast continued to be associated with other goddesses that were protectors of motherhood and children, such as the ancient Egyptian mother or creator goddess Mut. “In the temple of Koptos the goddess Mut of Thebes was called …. Bast…..”(Erman, 1907, p.59)  Mut’s sacred animal was the cat, […]

CAT GODDESS BAST COULD HAVE ORIGNATED FROM THE NUBIAN GOD BES

Assimilation and Evolution of the Cat Goddess: PART II Prior to Bast’s association with Hathor, the cat goddess might have originated from the god Bes, whose name in Nubian means cat.  Bes, a short dwarf-like figure with a cat face, sometimes wearing a cat skin with a tail hanging down to his feet, came from […]

SEKHMET, THE LION GODDESS, BAST’S EVIL SISTER

Sekhmet the lion goddess, who had her own cult, was Bast’s evil sister or alter ego.  She is often portrayed as a woman with the head of a lion above which a solar disk with a uraeus sits.  Sometimes she holds a scepter and sometimes a knife.  Likewise, Bast often has the head of a […]

THE ASSIMILATION AND EVOLUTION OF THE CAT GODDESS BAST

The assimilation and evolution of the cat goddess Bast took place gradually over the entire span of the ancient Egyptian kingdom.  The gods and goddesses were continually changing, sharing and combining attributes.   Because of the complexity of the Egyptian pantheon, various theories of the origin of the goddess Bast have emerged.  However, archeologists believe that in […]

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