Max Beckmann (1843-1950, German)

Max Beckmann, Self-Portrait with Cat and Lamp 1920

Max Beckmann, Self-Portrait with Cat and Lamp
1920

Max Beckmann (1884-1950) born in Leipzig, was a German painter and sculptor who was associated with a movement called the New Objectivity, an offshoot of Expressionism, which shunned its emotionalism. Beckmann was profoundly affected by his service as a medical orderly in WWI, which is reflected in his art. During the Weimar Republic, Beckmann was highly regarded and quite successful; however, his fate changed with the rise to power of Adolf Hitler, who hated modern art. Beckmann soon became known as a “cultural Bolshevik” and lost his job at the Art School in Frankfurt. The Nazis confiscated over 500 of his works from German museums and displayed them in a Degenerate Art exhibition in Munich. Beckmann is known for his many self-portraits and compositions which are similar to Medieval stained glass.  In addition to Beckmann liking cats, his inclusion of cats in many of his paintings can be attributed to their symbolism as representative of women’s licentiousness as well as their domesticity. Furthermore, the cat poses as an extension of Beckmann’s interest in mysticism and the metaphysical. The cat Titti, used in Synagogue, represents Sphinx-like wisdom and aloofness.  After WWII, Beckmann immigrated to the US and settled in St. Louis, taking a job at the Washington University there. Many of his works have been donated to the Saint Louis Art Museum. Later, he moved to New York where he was given a professorship at the Art School of New York’s Brooklyn Museum. Beckmann died of a heart attack while on the way to see an exhibition of one of his paintings at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

 

Max Beckmann cat and flowers

 

Friedel Battenberg, 1920 with cat, M. Beckmann

Friedel Battenberg
1920

 

Madchen mit gelber katze - Girl with yellow cat - Max Beckmann

Madchen mit gelber katze
Girl with yellow cat

 

Masquerade by Max Beckmann (1884-1950, Germany)

Masquerade

 

M. Beckmann, Synagogue Frankfurt Am Main 1919

Synagogue
Frankfurt Am Main
1919

 

Max Beckmann (1884-1950) - Self portrait with the Battenbergs, 1916

Self portrait with the Battenbergs
1916

 

M Beckmann (1884-1950) lernte Mathilde von Kaulbach

Mathilde von Kaulbach

 

M Beckmann (1884-1950) The Old Actress, 1926.

The Old Actress
1926

 

M. Beckmann (1884-1950), Woman with Cat 1942

Woman with Cat
1942

 

M Beckmann (German, 1884-1950) Leave-Taking

Leave Taking

 

M Beckmann, Woman and Cat

 

Still Life With Cats, M Beckmann, 1917,

Still Life with Cats
1917

 

Beckmann, Semi Nude with Cat

Semi Nude with Cat

 

Odysseus and Calypso M Beckmann, 1943

Odysseus and Calypso 1943