BUBASTIS, CITY OF CAT GODDESS BAST (Part III)

During the years 1887-1889, Edouard Naville excavated Bubastis and found huge pits filled with the remains of cremated cats near brick ovens that were blackened from use.  In one pit he found 720 cubic feet of bones, but he noted that in many cases ichneumons (mongoose) were buried along with the cats.  Naville’s find is […]

BUBASTIS, CITY OF THE CAT GODDESS BAST (Part II)

Within the temple of Bubastis, priests cared for cats with donations from pilgrims, and eventually killed and mummified them to be sold as votive offerings to Bast.  Cat amulets and statues made of bronze and gold were also sold to enthusiastic pilgrims especially during the annual festival of Bast.  The Decree of Canopus, a stele […]

CAT GODDESS BAST COULD HAVE ORIGNATED FROM THE NUBIAN GOD BES

Assimilation and Evolution of the Cat Goddess: PART II Prior to Bast’s association with Hathor, the cat goddess might have originated from the god Bes, whose name in Nubian means cat.  Bes, a short dwarf-like figure with a cat face, sometimes wearing a cat skin with a tail hanging down to his feet, came from […]