BUBASTIS, CITY OF CAT GODDESS BAST

BUBASTIS, PART I Bubastis, a city that had flourished for more than 4,000 years, is today nothing more than piles of scattered red granite blocks and a few empty graves and tombs overgrown by grass.  Bubastis now lies within a fenced area near the modern day city of Zagazig, where 20thcentury apartments look down in […]

SPEOS ARTEMIDOS HOME TO THE CAT GODDESS PAKHET

THE CAT GODDESS PAKHET Not far from Beni Hassan is Speos Artemidos, as named by the Greeks, or cave of Artemis.  Artemis was the equivalent Greek goddess to Bastet.  The cave is located near a small village, which is today called Istabl Antar.  Here, during the Middle Kingdom, Hatshupsut built two temples dedicated to Pakhet, […]

THE CAT GODDESS BAST IS WORSHIPPED

The ancient Egyptians worshipped the cat goddess Bast at four main sites.  Bast, the cat goddess, was a very important deity to the ancient Egyptians confirmed by their unfailing devotion to her not only in one part of the kingdom, but also at various locations in both Upper and Lower Egypt.   Saqqara, Thebes, Beni […]

THE BEGINNINGS OF THE CAT CULT–THE GODDESS BASTET IS BORN

It took hundreds of years from the first evidence of the cat’s domestication to its being worshipped as a goddess during the Middle Kingdom reign of Mentuhotep III.  For the cat, being a pet and being worshipped were not mutually exclusive.  The ancient Egyptians had cats as household pets, and at the same time kept […]