BUBASTIS, CITY OF CAT GODDESS BAST (Part III)

During the years 1887-1889, Edouard Naville excavated Bubastis and found huge pits filled with the remains of cremated cats near brick ovens that were blackened from use.  In one pit he found 720 cubic feet of bones, but he noted that in many cases ichneumons (mongoose) were buried along with the cats.  Naville’s find is […]

BUBASTIS, CITY OF THE CAT GODDESS BAST (Part II)

Within the temple of Bubastis, priests cared for cats with donations from pilgrims, and eventually killed and mummified them to be sold as votive offerings to Bast.  Cat amulets and statues made of bronze and gold were also sold to enthusiastic pilgrims especially during the annual festival of Bast.  The Decree of Canopus, a stele […]

BUBASTIS, CITY OF CAT GODDESS BAST

BUBASTIS, PART I Bubastis, a city that had flourished for more than 4,000 years, is today nothing more than piles of scattered red granite blocks and a few empty graves and tombs overgrown by grass.  Bubastis now lies within a fenced area near the modern day city of Zagazig, where 20thcentury apartments look down in […]

SPEOS ARTEMIDOS HOME TO THE CAT GODDESS PAKHET

THE CAT GODDESS PAKHET Not far from Beni Hassan is Speos Artemidos, as named by the Greeks, or cave of Artemis.  Artemis was the equivalent Greek goddess to Bastet.  The cave is located near a small village, which is today called Istabl Antar.  Here, during the Middle Kingdom, Hatshupsut built two temples dedicated to Pakhet, […]

BAST AND ISIS, WHAT IS THE CONNECTION?

The relationship between Bast and Isis, the goddess of sun and moon, is a pivotal one that reaches far into the future history of the cat, influencing the symbolism of the black cat and other important aspects, which will be explored later.   However, some of the first evidence of this Bast/Isis connection is on the […]