THE CAT GODDESS BAST IS WORSHIPPED

The ancient Egyptians worshipped the cat goddess Bast at four main sites.  Bast, the cat goddess, was a very important deity to the ancient Egyptians confirmed by their unfailing devotion to her not only in one part of the kingdom, but also at various locations in both Upper and Lower Egypt.   Saqqara, Thebes, Beni […]

BAST AND ISIS, WHAT IS THE CONNECTION?

The relationship between Bast and Isis, the goddess of sun and moon, is a pivotal one that reaches far into the future history of the cat, influencing the symbolism of the black cat and other important aspects, which will be explored later.   However, some of the first evidence of this Bast/Isis connection is on the […]

CAT GODDESS BAST AND THE GODDESS MUT

CAT GODDESS BAST AND THE GODDESS MUT Bast continued to be associated with other goddesses that were protectors of motherhood and children, such as the ancient Egyptian mother or creator goddess Mut. “In the temple of Koptos the goddess Mut of Thebes was called …. Bast…..”(Erman, 1907, p.59)  Mut’s sacred animal was the cat, as […]

CAT GODDESS BAST COULD HAVE ORIGNATED FROM THE NUBIAN GOD BES

Assimilation and Evolution of the Cat Goddess: PART II Prior to Bast’s association with Hathor, the cat goddess might have originated from the god Bes, whose name in Nubian means cat.  Bes, a short dwarf-like figure with a cat face, sometimes wearing a cat skin with a tail hanging down to his feet, came from […]

SEKHMET, THE LION GODDESS, BAST’S EVIL SISTER

Sekhmet the lion goddess, who had her own cult, was Bast’s evil sister or alter ego.  She is often portrayed as a woman with the head of a lion above which a solar disk with a uraeus sits.  Sometimes she holds a scepter and sometimes a knife.  Likewise, Bast often has the head of a […]

THE ASSIMILATION AND EVOLUTION OF THE CAT GODDESS BAST

  The assimilation and evolution of the cat goddess Bast took place gradually over the entire span of the ancient Egyptian kingdom.  The gods and goddesses were continually changing, sharing and combining attributes.   Because of the complexity of the Egyptian pantheon, various theories of the origin of the goddess Bast have emerged.  However, archeologists believe that […]

THE BEGINNINGS OF THE CAT CULT–THE GODDESS BASTET IS BORN

It took hundreds of years from the first evidence of the cat’s domestication to its being worshipped as a goddess during the Middle Kingdom reign of Mentuhotep III.  For the cat, being a pet and being worshipped were not mutually exclusive.  The ancient Egyptians had cats as household pets, and at the same time kept […]

CAT DOMESTICATION CONTINUED: THE MOSTAGEDDA TOMB, HIERAKONPOLIS, EGYPT

  Recently, archeologists have discovered an African Wildcat, Felis Silvestris Libyca, in an Egyptian Pre-dynastic burial pit dating to around 3,700BC or to approximately 5,700 years ago.  The cat, buried along with a man curled into a fetal position, was wrapped in cloth, surrounded with items of jewelry and pots, not unlike the Cyprus find. […]